Application of Bax Normilasation in Saudi Arabia: The how!"
Stephan Bax argues that, "Our aim should be to attain a state of `normalization' in which the technology is invisible and truly integrated"
he suggested three phases of CALL and he explained each one of them. the main goal that he was talking about is archiving normalization to the point where we don't know that technology becomes invisible. and taking this to the classrooms and institutions is what he aims for. He suggested that:
CALL will reach this state when computers (probably very different in shape and
size from their current manifestations) are used every day by language students and
teachers as an integral part of every lesson, like a pen or a book. Teachers and students will use them without fear or inhibition, and equally without an exaggerated respect for what they can do. They will not be the centre of any lesson, but they will play a part in almost all.
he also listed stages of normalization:
1. Early Adopters. A few teachers and schools adopt the technology out of
2. Ignorance/scepticism. However, most people are sceptical, or ignorant of its
3. Try once. People try it out but reject it because of early problems. They can’t
see its value—it doesn’t appear to add anything of ‘relative advantage’
4. Try again. Someone tells them it really works. They try again. They see it does
in fact have relative advantage.
24 S. Bax / System 31 (2003) 13–28
5. Fear/awe. More people start to use it, but still there is (a) fear, alternating
with (b) exaggerated expectations.
6. Normalizing. Gradually it is seen as something normal.
here in Saudi Arabia before technology had almost nothing to do with teaching but know days what bax is talking about as changes to achieve these normalization with technology is starting to emerge in the Saudi educational society .computers and different technologies items is being presented here in schools teachers are aware of the importance of CALL, and i do see that as a student in YUC and in different schools in my era .it's hard and new thing at the beginning but it will become easier to acceptI would say by the Saudi teachers and students. Lately I have been hearing new ideas like using iPods and laptops in the classrooms as teaching and learning technologies in Saudi Arabian schools but who knows where will it get in few more years am guessing for the best enshAllah.